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Battery Test & Automation Solution

Battery Cell Insulation Tester Model 11210

모델명Model 11210
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Key Features:
  • Test voltage: up to 1KV(dc)
  • Charge current: 50mA max.
  • Wide range of Leakage Current (LC) measurement (10pA ~ 20mA)
  • Partial discharge/flashover detection for inspection on potential internal short circuits (option of A112100):
    - PD level and number of occurrence display
    - PD events and V/I waveform monitor 
    - Programmable PD level limit setting 
    - PD and V/I waveform logging (option of A112101)
  • Built-in reliable contact check
  • Automatic test with sequence: charge-dwell-measure-discharge
  • High speed testing (20ms/device)
  • 480x272 pixels full-color display and touch panel for easy operations
  • Standard Handler, USB, RS-232, Ethernet interfaces

Chroma 11210 battery cell insulation tester is an instrument used for accurately measuring leakage current (LC) and insulation resistance (IR) of battery jelly-roll/dry-cell as well as various insulation materials. In addition to standard LC/IR measurement, the 11210 has a unique function that detects partial discharge (PD) or flashover that may have occurred inside the insulation material during the high voltage insulation testing process. With PD detection of the battery's internal status before electrolyte filling, defective products can be filtered out before entering the next stage of production preventing the potential hazards that may occur in the field. In contrast to traditional methods of insulation test, Chroma 11210 provides an entirely new concept for inspection and evaluation of battery quality.

With an ample charging current capability, the 11210 can easily achieve high speed testing with automatic execution of the test sequence. The sequence of a regular insulation test in the target application is "Charge→Dwell→Test→Discharge" This sequence can be automatically executed in 20ms or less for a single DUT (Device Under Test); meaning tests performed in the production line can achieve process rates of 50 pcs/sec or more.

Chroma 11210 measures the LC in a wide range, from 10pA to 20mA with 7 ranges of current measurement to enhance the accuracy. The auto-range function is also available for quick and easy operations on a new DUT.

Due to special circuitry used in the Chroma 11210, no extra time is required for the PD detection function. Both LC/IR measurements and PD detection tests can be performed simultaneously and both test results will be reported automatically. Thus, high speed testing at <20ms per DUT is achievable even when both LC/IR and PD tests are being performed.

In a traditional insulation test, contact checking is critical to the reliability of a complete test. No-contact on the DUT is very likely treated as a "pass" during the test, while the real insulation test has not been executed on that DUT yet. Thus, a "falsegood" condition could occur and a defective DUT may be passed as good. This is especially true if the insulation resistance of the DUT is extremely high. The contact check function in the Chroma 11210 employs advanced technology to instantly detect those which do not make secure contacts during the tests. It takes only 5ms to do a thorough contact check before and/or after the measurement.


Consequences from fire or explosion of lithium ion batteries (LIB) is an increasing concern. As technology advances, the energy density of the LIB increases posing a further risk to consumers. In order to eliminate the risk of fire or explosion, the root cause must be resolved and the defective units must be filtered out before they reach the consumer market. Recent research indicates that internal short circuits between the positive electrode (aluminum) and the material coated on the negative electrode (anode) inside the cell is the root cause of the fire or explosion [Figure 1]. Burrs on the metal electrodes or contaminated particles inside the separator can cause this kind of internal short circuit. [Figure 2].

The research also shows that the material coated on the negative electrode (typically graphite) would expand during the charging phase, expanding up to 24% or more as the charge/discharge cycle repeats. It could continue to expand until the burrs on the aluminum plate finally touch the graphite coated on the negative electrode and result in fire disaster [Figure 3]. There are usually several charge/discharge cycles carried out on the battery cells in the factory before shipping. Let's take an example, two cases of defective cells are present in the production line, and each has a single burr with different height or length on its aluminum plate [case 1 & case 2 in Figure 4]. Case 1 will be detected at the second charging cycle in the factory, since the burr touches to the anode then. However, in most cases, the second one will not be detected until many more charging cycles later, which is very likely to happen after it reaches the consumer.


The Partial Discharge (PD) detection function of Chroma 11210 has the ability to detect those defects inside the battery cells in the dry cell stage prior to electrolyte filling. When there are burrs on the electrode metal sheet or defects (impurity particles) inside the insulation layer (the separator sheet) in the dry cells, the insulation distance left between them is shortened but not shorted. In most cases, they cannot be detected by regular insulation LC/IR tests, since the internal short circuit does not exist at the time of executing the tests. The 11210 is the only instrument that can help you to detect possible shorts in the very early phase before any failures can occur. With the proper test voltage applied and the proper PD threshold level set, the 11210 can help you to "measure" the "effective distance" left between the negative electrode and the graphite material (see equation and explanation on the right).

Chroma 11210 battery cell insulation tester detects any PD or flashover that may occur inside the battery cells. There are two phases of detection that the 11210 employs with different circuitries used. The first phase is in CC (Constant Current) mode when the 11210 charges the DUT with a constant current set by the user. During this mode, the 11210 will monitor the voltage level and its slope. Any glitches on the voltage slope or any unexpected changes of the slope will be detected by the 11210 and reported as PD occurrences (shown as ). The second phase is in CV (Constant Voltage) mode. In this mode, only a stable leakage current should exist. Thus any unusual and protruding pulses on the current waveform are typically the result of an abnormal discharge (i.e. PD or flashover) which will also be detected and reported by the 11210 as a PD occurrence (shown as ). Chroma 11210 not only detects, but also roughly measures the magnitude of the PD pulses during these modes (Note *1). [Refer to Figure 5 for illustration].

▲[Figure 5] PD/Flashover detection in both the CC (charging) & CV (measurement) phase
▲[Figure 6] PD detected in CC & CV mode and reported by 11210

Whether in CC mode or CV mode, the 11210 is able to detect the number of occurrences of those PD events, up to 99 counts [Figure 6]. Either the magnitude or the number of occurrences or both can be set as a threshold level for pass/fail criteria, which is very helpful when testing various devices with different characteristics in the production line.

Note *1 : The measurement of discharge quantity in PD pulses is most accurate when pulse duration is shorter than 100us, and the time interval between consecutive pulses is larger than 300us.

Due to superior PD detection and measurement capabilities, Chroma 11210 can accomplish tasks that a regular LC/IR meter or a hipot tester cannot. A regular LC/IR meter or hipot tester is only able to measure the average value of the leakage current within a certain time interval, but is not able to monitor every detail in the voltage and current waveform. Furthermore, the 11210 provides ultra-stable test voltage with ripple and noise of some mini-volt only, which enables it to look for very minor glitches on the voltage or current waveform. [Figure 8] shows you that without looking into the details of the voltage waveform, minor PD or flashover inside the DUT cannot be detected.

▲[Figure 7] Without looking into the details of the voltage waveform (left picture), you see nothing abnormal. With Chroma 11210 looking into the details, we can observe two PD events occurred, one in CC mode, the other in nearby CV mode (right picture).

In case the engineering staff needs to review the actual voltage and current waveform on a failed DUT (failure due to PD) after tests are completed, Chroma 11210 offers an advanced option that can store both voltage and current waveforms from each individual device's test. Zooming functions allow users to view waveform details of the PD events easily. And since they are captured and recorded, additional analysis and research can be performed by R&D and/or QA departments.


Chroma 11210 is the next generation and advanced version of its predecessor the 11200 capacitor LC/IR meter. The 11210 includes more versatile functions with higher accuracy, however, retains all the major functions and capabilities found in the 11200. Therefore, the 11210 is also an advanced LC/IR meter for all types of capacitors [Figure 8].

▲[Figure 8] Block diagram of LC/IR measurement test by 11210 for the DUT of capacitors

In the production line, the 11210 is able to test capacitors at a very high speed (~20ms per DUT) with appropriate fixtures. Moreover, it has a very wide range of LC/IR measurement with excellent accuracy. Chroma 11210 is the new standard insulation inspection and test instrument for all capacitor production lines.

Though the PD detection function is specifically designed for the insulation inspection of battery dry cell, it also provides a clear picture of what's going on inside a capacitor during the tests. And with the data collected from the 11210, users can further enhance or improve the insulation quality ensuring the highest quality of insulation is achieved.

As mentioned previously, in a typical insulation test, 4 phases are executed in sequence, which are "Charge→Dwell→Test→Discharge" [Figure 9]. Chroma 11210 allows the users to program the time interval required for the first 3 phases respectively. Each can be set in the range of 5ms to 9.999sec. The phase of "Dwell" is particularly important. For large and pure resistive devices or capacitors with large capacitance but low insulation resistance, the user must allow sufficient "Dwell" time before the actual measurement takes place. The long "Dwell" time is necessary to let the charging current settle down so that it will not affect the leakage current measurement. The 11210 is extremely flexible in these parameters programming, and is able to execute those 4 phases in sequence automatically. For capacitor production testing, Chroma has the knowledge and technologies to assist customers in setting up a reliable inline test or provide a complete turnkey test solution.

▲[Figure 9] Timing & sequence of the regular insulation test

11210Battery Cell Insulation Tester
A112100Partial Discharge Detection Card
A112101Partial Discharge Analyzer Card
A112102PD Test Checking Kit
01. 상품요약정보 : 의류
제품소재 상세설명페이지 참고
색상 상세설명페이지 참고
치수 상세설명페이지 참고
제조자 상세설명페이지 참고
세탁방법 및 취급시 주의사항 상세설명페이지 참고
제조연월 상세설명페이지 참고
품질보증기준 상세설명페이지 참고
A/S 책임자와 전화번호 상세설명페이지 참고
08. 거래조건에 관한 정보
재화 등의 배송방법에 관한 정보 상품 상세설명페이지 참고
주문 이후 예상되는 배송기간 상품 상세설명페이지 참고
제품하자가 아닌 소비자의 단순변심, 착오구매에 따른 청약철회 시 소비자가 부담하는 반품비용 등에 관한 정보 배송ㆍ교환ㆍ반품 상세설명페이지 참고
제품하자가 아닌 소비자의 단순변심, 착오구매에 따른 청약철회가 불가능한 경우 그 구체적 사유와 근거 배송ㆍ교환ㆍ반품 상세설명페이지 참고
재화등의 교환ㆍ반품ㆍ보증 조건 및 품질보증 기준 소비자분쟁해결기준(공정거래위원회 고시) 및 관계법령에 따릅니다.
재화등의 A/S 관련 전화번호 상품 상세설명페이지 참고
대금을 환불받기 위한 방법과 환불이 지연될 경우 지연에 따른 배상금을 지급받을 수 있다는 사실 및 배상금 지급의 구체적 조건 및 절차 배송ㆍ교환ㆍ반품 상세설명페이지 참고
소비자피해보상의 처리, 재화등에 대한 불만처리 및 소비자와 사업자 사이의 분쟁처리에 관한 사항 소비자분쟁해결기준(공정거래위원회 고시) 및 관계법령에 따릅니다.
거래에 관한 약관의 내용 또는 확인할 수 있는 방법 상품 상세설명페이지 및 페이지 하단의 이용약관 링크를 통해 확인할 수 있습니다.
09. 반품기한
  • 단순 변심인 경우 : 상품 수령 후 7일 이내 신청
  • 상품 불량/오배송인 경우 : 상품 수령 후 3개월 이내, 혹은 그 사실을 알게 된 이후 30일 이내 반품 신청 가능
010. 반품 배송비
반품 배송비
반품사유 반품 배송비 부담자
단순변심 고객 부담

최초 배송비를 포함해 왕복 배송비가 발생합니다. 또, 도서/산간지역이거나 설치 상품을 반품하는 경우에는 배송비가 추가될 수 있습니다.

상품의 불량 또는 오배송 고객부담 아님
011. 배송상태에 따른 환불안내
진행 상태 결제완료 상품준비중 배송지시/배송중/배송완료
어떤 상태 주문 내역 확인 전 상품 발송 준비 중 상품이 택배사로 이미 발송 됨
환불 즉시환불 구매취소 의사전달 → 발송중지 → 환불 반품회수 → 반품상품 확인 → 환불
012. 취소방법
  • 결제완료 또는 배송상품은 1:1 문의에 취소신청해 주셔야 합니다.
  • 특정 상품의 경우 취소 수수료가 부과될 수 있습니다.
013. 환불시점
결제수단 환불시점 환불방법
신용카드 취소완료 후, 3~5일 내 카드사 승인취소(영업일 기준) 신용카드 승인취소
계좌이체 실시간 계좌이체 또는 무통장입금
취소완료 후, 입력하신 환불계좌로 1~2일 내 환불금액 입금(영업일 기준)
휴대폰 결제 당일 구매내역 취소시 취소 완료 후, 6시간 이내 승인취소
전월 구매내역 취소시 취소 완료 후, 1~2일 내 환불계좌로 입금(영업일 기준)
당일취소 : 휴대폰 결제 승인취소
익월취소 : 계좌입금
포인트 취소 완료 후, 당일 포인트 적립 환불 포인트 적립
014. 취소반품 불가 사유
  • 단순변심으로 인한 반품 시, 배송 완료 후 7일이 지나면 취소/반품 신청이 접수되지 않습니다.
  • 주문/제작 상품의 경우, 상품의 제작이 이미 진행된 경우에는 취소가 불가합니다.
  • 구성품을 분실하였거나 취급 부주의로 인한 파손/고장/오염된 경우에는 취소/반품이 제한됩니다.
  • 제조사의 사정 (신모델 출시 등) 및 부품 가격변동 등에 의해 가격이 변동될 수 있으며, 이로 인한 반품 및 가격보상은 불가합니다.
  • 뷰티 상품 이용 시 트러블(알러지, 붉은 반점, 가려움, 따가움)이 발생하는 경우 진료 확인서 및 소견서 등을 증빙하면 환불이 가능하지만 이 경우, 제반 비용은 고객님께서 부담하셔야 합니다.
  • 각 상품별로 아래와 같은 사유로 취소/반품이 제한 될 수 있습니다.

상품군 취소/반품 불가사유
의류/잡화/수입명품 상품의 택(TAG) 제거/라벨 및 상품 훼손으로 상품의 가치가 현저히 감소된 경우
계절상품/식품/화장품 고객님의 사용, 시간경과, 일부 소비에 의하여 상품의 가치가 현저히 감소한 경우
가전/설치상품 전자제품 특성 상, 정품 스티커가 제거되었거나 설치 또는 사용 이후에 단순변심인 경우, 액정화면이 부착된 상품의 전원을 켠 경우 (상품불량으로 인한 교환/반품은 AS센터의 불량 판정을 받아야 합니다.)
자동차용품 상품을 개봉하여 장착한 이후 단순변심의 경우
CD/DVD/GAME/BOOK등 복제가 가능한 상품의 포장 등을 훼손한 경우
내비게이션, OS시리얼이 적힌 PMP 상품의 시리얼 넘버 유출로 내장된 소프트웨어의 가치가 감소한 경우
노트북, 테스크탑 PC 등 홀로그램 등을 분리, 분실, 훼손하여 상품의 가치가 현저히 감소하여 재판매가 불가할 경우